Analysis of outcomes in patients with abnormal laterality undergoing congenital heart surgery

3 weeks 4 days ago
CONCLUSION: Laterality anomalies are one of the most challenging patients who commonly had univentricular physiology. The most prevalent anomaly was RAI, and RAI had the worst outcome and survival. Ductal stent is an acceptable first intervention during the neonatal period in suitable patients. Complex procedures may carry a high risk of death in the neonatal period.
Serdar Basgoze

Safety and efficacy of colistin and fluoroquinolone in neonatal persistent late-onset sepsis

3 weeks 5 days ago
Growing resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics for the treatment of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in premature infants has led physicians to use antibiotics that are not well studied in neonatal populations. We aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of colistin and fluoroquinolone for the treatment of persistent LOS. We retrospectively reviewed infants with gram-negative LOS, who received either colistin or fluoroquinolone therapy, to determine if there was a significant difference in kidney...
Mountasser Al-Mouqdad

Development of A Neonatal Mouse Model for Coxsackievirus B1 Antiviral Evaluation

4 weeks ago
Coxsackievirus B1 (CVB1) is a leading causative agent of severe infectious diseases in humans and has been reported to be associated with outbreaks of aseptic meningitis, myocarditis, and the development of chronic diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). There is no approved vaccine or effective antiviral therapy to treat CBV1 infection. And animal models to assess the effects of antiviral agents and vaccine remain limited. In this study, we established a neonatal mouse model of CVB1...
Zhichao Yin

A Scoping Review of Life-Course Psychosocial Stress and Kidney Function

4 weeks ago
Increased exposure to maternal psychosocial stress during gestation and adverse neonatal environments has been linked to alterations in developmental programming and health consequences in offspring. A programmed low nephron endowment, among other altered pathways of susceptibility, likely increases the vulnerability to develop chronic kidney disease in later life. Our aim in this scoping review was to identify gaps in the literature by focusing on understanding the association between...
Jesus Alejandro Estevez-Garcia

Kidney and urinary tract findings among patients with Kabuki (make-up) syndrome

4 weeks 1 day ago
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings underscore the high prevalence of CAKUT and genitourinary involvement in patients with KS and suggest that assessment by pediatric nephrology specialists is warranted as part of the routine multidisciplinary evaluation of newly diagnosed patients. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.
Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz

Fluid Balance Management Informs Renal Replacement Therapy Use During Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Survey Report From the Kidney Intervention During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Group

4 weeks 1 day ago
Fluid overload (FO) and acute kidney injury (AKI) occur commonly in children supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be used to manage AKI and FO in children on ECMO. In 2012, our group surveyed ECMO centers to begin to understand the practice patterns around CRRT and ECMO. Since then, more centers are initiating ECMO for increasingly diverse indications and an increased volume of research quantifies the detrimental impacts of...
Stephen M Gorga

Alterations in fetal kidney development and increased risk for adult diseases

4 weeks 1 day ago
A low birth weight (LBW, < 2500 g), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and preterm birth (PB, < 37 weeks of gestational age) are the most common clinical factors for an altered programming of nephron number and are associated with a greater risk for hypertension, proteinuria, and kidney disease later in life. At present, an indirect assessment of total nephron number based on postnatal markers is the most important approach to evaluate the risk for future kidney disorders in newborn infants...
Carlos Grandi

Study of neonatal acute kidney injury based on KDIGO criteria

1 month ago
CONCLUSION: Our study recorded a high incidence of AKI among at-risk neonates. KDIGO criteria for diagnosing AKI is feasible to apply in the at-risk neonates and helps in its early identification. Early diagnosis and timely intervention in neonates with HIE, sepsis, dehydration and respiratory can prevent the progression of AKI and thus improve prognoses.
Poorva Gohiya

Construction of extracellular matrix-based 3D hydrogel and its effects on cardiomyocytes

1 month ago
Some discoveries resulted from 2-dimensional (2D) cultured cardiac cells have been disqualified in animal testing and later clinical trials. Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a vital role in cardiac homeostasis, cardiac ECM (cECM)-based 3D cell cultures can mimics the physiological and pathological conditions in vivo closely, it is hopeful of addressing this challenge. Construction of cECM-based 3-dimensional (3D) hydrogel (cECM3DH) and its effects on cell behaviors were studied here. The results...
Xiong Xiao

Harnessing snakehead rhabdovirus (SHRV) for gene editing by installment of CRISPR/Cas9 in viral genome

1 month ago
As there is no risk of viral genome integration into host chromosome, cytoplasmic RNA viruses can be a safer vehicle to deliver CRISPR/Cas system. Snakehead rhabdovirus (SHRV) is a piscine RNA virus belonging to the family Rhabdoviridae, and, in the present study, we evaluated the availability of SHRV as a tool for CRISPR/Cas9 delivery in mammalian cells. SHRV was grown well in baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells at 28 °C, and the replication ability was greatly reduced by temperature up-shift to...
Jun Soung Kwak

Neonatal multicystic dysplastic kidney with mass effect: A systematic review

1 month ago
CONCLUSIONS: Large neonatal MCDK is typically managed conservatively, however it can be complicated by external compression due to mass effect. In this scenario, nephrectomy is a reasonable and definitive treatment. Less invasive management options may exist, e.g., aspiration with sclerotherapy. Communication about exceptional cases like these should be encouraged even when outcomes are poor.
Samuel Pettit

Clinical features of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease in the Japanese population and analysis of splicing in PKHD1 gene for determination of phenotypes

1 month 1 week ago
CONCLUSION: Clinical manifestations ranged from cases of neonatal demise to those diagnosed in adulthood. The minigene assay results indicate the importance of functional analysis, and call into question the fundamental belief that at least one non-truncating mutation is necessary for perinatal survival.
Shinya Ishiko

Targeted design of a recombinant tracer for SPECT renal imaging

1 month 1 week ago
Rationale: A robust radiopharmaceutical has high uptake in the target and low retention in non-target tissues. However, traditional tracers for renal imaging that chemically chelate ^(99m)Tc are excreted through the renal route with transient resident time in the kidney. Following a rational design approach, we constructed a protein-based radiotracer, designated PBT-Fc, to sequentially bind tubular neonatal Fc-receptor and subsequently proximal tubular basement membrane for its targeted...
Pan Liu

High-performance renal imaging with a radiolabeled, non-excretable chimeric fusion protein

1 month 1 week ago
Ideal nuclear imaging tracers should exhibit high target uptake and low background signal. Traditional renal scintigraphy and SPECT scans examine kidney function via static or dynamic tracing of radioactive probes in the kidneys. The lack of tracer affinity to specific biological processes and high background uptake from urinary excretion have added many difficulties to precision renal diagnosis. In this issue of Theranostics, Jin and colleagues innovatively devised a recombinant probe for...
Dawei Jiang