Recent Neonatal Kidney Publications

Pregnancy after Kidney Transplantation-Impact of Functional Renal Reserve, Slope of eGFR before Pregnancy, and Intensity of Immunosuppression on Kidney Function and Maternal Health

1 month ago
Women of childbearing age show increased fertility after kidney transplantation. Of concern, preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and allograft dysfunction contribute to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. We performed a retrospective single-center study, including 40 women with post-transplant pregnancies after single or combined pancreas-kidney transplantation between 2003 and 2019. Outcomes of kidney function up to 24 months after the end of pregnancy were compared with a matched-pair...
Rebecca Kaatz

Efficacy of TurmiZn, a Metallic Complex of Curcuminoids-Tetrahydrocurcumin and Zinc on Bioavailability, Antioxidant, and Cytokine Modulation Capability

1 month ago
Complexes of curcumin with metals have shown much-improved stability, solubility, antioxidant capability, and efficacy when compared to curcumin. The present research investigates the relative bioavailability, antioxidant, and ability to inhibit inflammatory cytokine production of a curcuminoid metal chelation complex of tetrahydrocurcumin-zinc-curcuminoid termed TurmiZn. In vitro uptake assay using pig intestinal epithelial cells showed that TurmiZn has an ~3-fold increase (p ≤ 0.01) in uptake...
Dan DuBourdieu

A Rare Cause of Hypergonadotropic Hypogonadism: Transaldolase Deficiency in Two Siblings

1 month ago
Transaldolase deficiency is a rare inborn autosomal recessive disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the TALDO1 gene. It is characterized by intrauterine growth restriction, dysmorphism, abnormal skin, cytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, liver cirrhosis, endocrine problems, renal and cardiac abnormalities. We present two siblings of Turkish origin with early-onset form of transaldolase deficiency and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in both sexes. The girl (index) was followed-up with cryptogenic...
Melek Yildiz

The First Case of Fetus in Fetu in Nicaragua: The Management Experience of the Pediatric Neurosurgery Team

1 month ago
Fetus in fetu (FIF) is a rare congenital anomaly of asymmetric monozygotic twins, where the parasitic twin develops abnormally inside the body of the host twin. In most cases, it is incorporated into the sibling's abdomen, which frequently presents as a retroperitoneal mass. Currently, at least 200 cases have been reported worldwide, being this the first case in Nicaragua. We describe a case of a male newborn, born via cesarean section, with a history of multiple congenital malformations...
Maria C Cantarero

In vivo adenine base editing corrects newborn murine model of Hurler syndrome

1 month ago
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a severe disease caused by loss-of-function mutation variants in the α-L-iduronidase (Idua) gene. In vivo genome editing represents a promising strategy to correct Idua mutations, and has the potential to permanently restore IDUA function over the lifespan of patients. Here, we used adenine base editing to directly convert A > G (TAG>TGG) in a newborn murine model harboring the Idua-W392X mutation, which recapitulates the human condition and is analogous...
Jing Su


1 month ago
The work describes a case of rare neonatal systemic juvenile xanthogranuloma with an initial damage of the scalp, limbs, back and abdomen, multiple damages of the parenchyma of both lungs, spleen and liver with the development of a severe form of congenital cholestatic hepatitis. The diagnosis was established on the basis of histopathological and immunohistochemical examination of the skin nodules. The child on the background of therapy under the Langerhans cell histiocytosis III program...
O Dorosh

Potential of neonatal organ donation and outcome after transplantation

1 month 1 week ago
Organ transplantation is limited by access to suitable organs. Infant recipient waitlist mortality is increased due to the scarcity of size-matched organs. Neonatal organ donors have been proposed as an underutilized source of donor organs. However, the literature on the actual prevalence and outcome of neonatal organ donation and transplantation is fragmented and not well analyzed. This literature review aims to summarize the available literature on the potential of neonatal organ donation and...
Emil Bluhme

Perinatal Obesity Sensitizes for Premature Kidney Aging Signaling

1 month 2 weeks ago
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), a global health burden, is strongly associated with age-related renal function decline, hypertension, and diabetes, which are all frequent consequences of obesity. Despite extensive studies, the mechanisms determining susceptibility to CKD remain insufficiently understood. Clinical evidence together with prior studies from our group showed that perinatal metabolic disorders after intrauterine growth restriction or maternal obesity adversely affect kidney structure...
Jaco Selle

Cloacal Malformation with Associated Urethral Atresia

1 month 2 weeks ago
Introduction Cloacal malformations comprise a heterogeneous group of anomalies that are considered the most complex anorectal malformations (ARMs) in females. Precise evaluation to identify the unique anatomy prior to reconstruction with collaboration between colorectal surgeons, urologists, and gynecologists is vital. Here, we present a rare anatomical variation in a patient with a cloacal malformation which affected operative and postoperative management. Case description A 6-year-old female...
Tamador Al-Shamaileh

Adenovirus vector-mediated single chain variable fragments target the nucleocapsid protein of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus and protect against viral infection in piglets

1 month 2 weeks ago
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) mainly infects the intestinal epithelial cells of pigs, causing porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED). In particular, the virus causes severe diarrhea, dehydration, and death in neonatal piglets. Maternal immunity effectively protects neonatal piglets from PEDV infection; however, maternal antibodies can only prevent PEDV attachment and entry into target cells, but have no effects on intracellular viruses. Intracellular antibodies targeting virus-encoded proteins...
Fengqing Wang

Short-term outcome and complications of therapeutic hypothermia in neonates with moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: a single-centre retrospective observational study in a hospital in Mumbai, India

1 month 2 weeks ago
CONCLUSION: Adverse events during TH range from asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities to life-threatening complications, which are manageable in well equipped units. Neurological impairment at discharge in neonates who received cooling mandates strict neurological follow-up.Abbreviations: aEEG: amplitude-integrated EEG; AKI: acute kidney injury; BW: birthweight; EEG: electro-encephalogram; GA: gestational age; HELIX: hypothermia for encephalopathy in low- and middle-income countries; HIE:...
Dwayne Mascarenhas

Effects of interleukin-4-modified gold nanozymes on the full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice

1 month 2 weeks ago
Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanism of interleukin-4-modified gold nanoparticle (IL-4-AuNP) on the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice. Methods: Experimental research methods were adopted. Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) and IL-4-AuNP were synthesized by improving the methods described in published literature. The morphology of those two particles were photographed by transmission electron microscopy, and their particle sizes were calculated. The surface...
M Y Yao

Thymus transplantation regulates blood pressure and alleviates hypertension-associated heart and kidney damage via transcription factors FoxN1 pathway

1 month 3 weeks ago
Previous studies have found that thymus is involved in the process of hypertension. However, whether thymus transplantation alleviates target organ damage in hypertensive mice remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of thymus transplantation on blood pressure and target organ changes in mice with hypertension. Mice were randomly divided into normal control group (Con), hypertensive group (HTN) and thymus transplantation group (HTN + Trans). Thymus of neonatal mice was...
Xianliang Dai

Updated management guidelines for adenosine deaminase deficiency

1 month 3 weeks ago
Inherited defects in the Adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene typically cause severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). In addition to infections, ADA-deficient patients can present with neurodevelopmental, behavioral, hearing, skeletal, lung, heart, skin, kidney, urogenital, and liver abnormalities. Some patients also suffer from autoimmunity and malignancies. In recent years, there have been remarkable advances in the management of ADA deficiency. Most ADA-deficient patients can be identified by...
Eyal Grunebaum