Full-genome characterisation of a putative novel serotype of Yonaguni orbivirus isolated from cattle in Yunnan province, China

1 day 6 hours ago
In July 2019, a novel viral strain (JH2019C603) was isolated from sentinel cattle in Jinghong City, in the subtropical region of Yunnan Province, China. The virus replicated and caused cytopathological effects in both Aedes albopictus (C6/36) and Baby Hamster Syrian Kidney (BHK-21) cells. Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis revealed a viral genome comprised of 10 segments of double-stranded RNA, with a 1-2-2-1-1-1-1-1 migration pattern. Complete genome sequences of the JH2019C603 virus were...
Zhenxing Yang

Population pharmacokinetics in critically ill neonates and infants undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a literature review

1 day 6 hours ago
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) increases circulating blood volume, causes capillary leak and temporarily alters kidney function. Consequently, pharmacokinetics (PK) can be affected. When applied to neonates and infants, additional dose adjustments are a major concern, as the volume of distribution (Vd) is already generally greater for water-soluble drugs and the clearance (Cl) of drugs eliminated by glomerular filtration is reduced. A systematic search was performed on MEDLINE...
Nadir Yalcin

Upregulation of Myocardial Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin during Development of Heart Failure Caused by Volume-Overload and the Effect in Regulating Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9

1 day 6 hours ago
CONCLUSIONS: During the development of HF due to VO, NGAL was upregulated in the heart but not in the kidney in both compensatory and HF phases, with a similar expression level. Myocardial NGAL upregulation enhanced MMP-9 activity through formation of the MMP-9/NGAL complex. The expression of myocardial NGAL was regulated by Egr-1.
Ying-Chang Tung

Successful Pregnancy in a Kidney-Pancreas Transplanted Patient on LifeCycle Pharma Tacrolimus (LCPT)-Based Immunosuppression

3 days 6 hours ago
BACKGROUND There has been, to our knowledge, no reports on LifeCycle Pharma tacrolimus (LCPT) taken during pregnancy after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK). Here, we report a 25-year-old female SPK recipient who gave birth to a healthy infant in posttransplant month 32. We analyzed the long-term graft function, obstetric/neonatal course, LCPT dosage, tacrolimus (TAC) levels, concomitant medication, and complications. CASE REPORT Her medical history consisted of type 1 diabetes...
Claudia Bösmüller

Environmental Factors and Their Threshold Affecting the Survival of Five Aquatic Animal Viruses in Different Animal Cells

5 days 6 hours ago
Aquatic animal viruses infect and transmit in aquatic environments, causing serious harm to the aquaculture industry and a variety of wild aquatic animals. How are they affected by environmental factors and do they represent potential threat to mammalian heath or not? Here, the effects of environmental factors (ultraviolet radiation (UV), temperature, pH, and drying) and their threshold on five epidemic aquatic animal viruses infecting amphibians and bony fish, including Rana grylio virus (RGV),...
Zi-Hao Wang

Filtering Down to Risks and Solutions: Risk Factors and Stratification After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

1 week 1 day ago
Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery (CS-AKI) is common in neonatal and pediatric populations and is a risk factor for poor outcomes, such as mortality and increased hospital resource utilization. This review presents a summary of CS-AKI risk factors, integration of biomarkers, and the need to improve risk stratification for targeting future clinical trials. To date, studies examining CS-AKI risk factors cannot be generalized easily owing to variability in patient age, surgical complexity...
Kevin Pettit

A patient with congenital hypothyroidism due to a <em>PAX8</em> frameshift variant accompanying a urogenital malformation

1 week 1 day ago
PAX8 is a transcription factor that is expressed in the thyroid gland and kidneys. Monoallelic loss-of-function PAX8 variants cause congenital hypothyroidism (CH), and urogenital malformations are infrequent complications seen in less than 10% of PAX8 variant carriers. Herein, we report the case of a 3-yr-old female patient with CH who was diagnosed during newborn screening. She was treated with levothyroxine, and she showed normal growth and development at a minimal dose (0.7 µg/kg/d of...
Kanako Tanase-Nakao

Treatment for complete bilateral duplex kidneys with severe hydronephrosis and ureterectasis of the upper moiety in a child: A case report and literature review

1 week 1 day ago
CONCLUSION: Cutaneous ureterostomy combined with late ureteroureterostomy for children with complete bilateral duplex kidneys with severe hydronephrosis in the upper moiety and ureter are not only beneficial to caregivers' nursing after the operation, but also have significance for salvaging renal function.
Chengchuang Wu

Predictive factors for survival in patients with oligohydramnios secondary to antenatal kidney disease

1 week 1 day ago
CONCLUSIONS: The main differences between survivors and non-survivors among patients with "renal oligohydramnios" were oligohydramnios detection before 32 weeks GA, dysplasia detection on the second trimester ultrasound, and increase of serum creatinine from day 3 onwards. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.
Mathilde Baudin

Neonatal MIS-C: Managing the Cytokine Storm

1 week 4 days ago
A term infant girl with uneventful antenatal history had an erythematous rash followed by fever from day 8. She was diagnosed with late-onset sepsis and was treated accordingly. She received immunoglobulin for persistent thrombocytopenia, after which there was transient improvement. The patient was transferred to our hospital on day 25 after recurrence of fever, watery diarrhea, and a generalized maculopapular rash. On admission, she had tachycardia, tachypnoea, anemia, thrombocytopenia,...
Sumita Saha

Development of the Urinary Tract in Fetal Rats: A Micro-CT Study

1 week 5 days ago
CONCLUSION: Micro-CT depicts an excellent tool to study urinary tract development in the fetal and neonatal rat. It enables the metric quantification of longitudinal anatomic changes in high definition without previous destructive tissue preparation. The present study revealed sex-specific differences of the adrenal gland development and provides comprehensive data for the understanding of fetal urinary tract development, inspiring future research on congenital urological malformations.
Stephanie Wille

Optimal stage of initiating continuous renal replacement therapy in the treatment of neonatal acute kidney injury

1 week 6 days ago
To explore the optimal stage of initiating continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in the treatment of neonatal acute kidney injury (AKI), a total of 25 AKI neonates treated with CRRT were hospitalized at the Department of Neonatology of Shanghai Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (Shanghai, China) from November 2016 to June 2021. According to the renal function, the AKI neonates prior to CRRT were divided into two groups as follows: AKI stage 0-1 and AKI...
Xiaoyue Zhang

A biomimetic double network hydrogel ameliorates renal fibrosis and promotes renal regeneration

2 weeks ago
Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are serious global public health issues. Both interconnect closely, and AKI-CKD transition significantly increases the morbidity of CKD and inevitably progresses to end stage renal disease. However, with the current drug delivery system it is hard to achieve precise delivery and apply it to clinical practice due to the local fibrotic milieu of the AKI-CKD transition procedure. Consequently, new treatment options to halt or even reverse...
Rui Zhang

Emergent Prelabor Cesarean Birth in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Associated Risk Factors and Outcomes

2 weeks 4 days ago
Pregnancies after solid-organ transplant are at a higher risk for antepartum admission and pregnancy complications, including cesarean birth. Emergent prelabor cesarean is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity in other high-risk populations, but its incidence and impact in transplant recipients is not well understood OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk factors and outcomes of emergency prelabor cesarean birth in kidney and liver transplant recipients STUDY DESIGN:...
Kathleen Chung

Association between neonatal phototherapy and future cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

2 weeks 6 days ago
Phototherapy is the main treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia to prevent encephalopathy. It is generally believed to be safe; however, some studies have shown it might be associated with cancer development. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to assess the effect of neonatal phototherapy on future cancer risk. A systematic search in 13 databases was conducted in December 2018 and updated in August 2022 to identify studies that report cancer development after exposure to...
Mohammed Abdellatif